Anil Biswas was perhaps the first composer, who understood deeply various complexities of background music and also introduced counter-melody in his music.

Recipient of Sangeet Natak Academy Award, Anil Biswas immensely contributed as a composer and as a lyricist in Indian film industry. Biswas is known for his film music in Gramophone Singer (1938), Roti (1942), Kismet (1943), Arzoo (1950), and many others. He is also credited with being the first to use a chorus and an Indian orchestra in film music. It was Biswas who gave break to singers like Mukesh and Talat Mahmood in Pehli Nazar (1945) and Arzoo (1949), respectively and also was the reason behind the popularity of many singers including Lata Mangeshkar. Biswas wrote music for some 100 films between 1935 and 1965, when he retired from the movie industry to take over as director of the national orchestra on All India Radio.
In the initial days of his career he worked as a singer, lyricist and composer, with the 'Hindustan Recording Company' and later in 1963 he became director of the National Orchestra at the All India Radio (AIR) and also enjoyed his position as Chief Producer in 'Sugam Sangeet' which was a Hindustani Classical Music show at AIR Delhi, till 1975. Not only this, but Biswas won the Sangeet Natak Academy Award in 1986.
He also worked with Doordarshan on popular shows like Hum Log , Baisakhi and Phir Wohi Talaash during the 80s. Biswas also worked very closely with the Films division in the 80s and 90s on a number of documentary projects.

Contributed by :- Shri. Mitul Kansal

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